Belgium is situated in the west of Europe, bordered to the north by the Netherlands, to the east by Germany and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and to the south and the west by France. Although its surface area of 30,688 km2 makes it a small country, its location has made it the economic and urban nerve centre of Europe. Belgium is world-famous for its chocolate, waffles, beer, and its national football team, the Red Devils. Belgium is also home to NATO headquarters and to the EU Commission and European Parliament. Brussels is often referred to as the capital of the EU. Belgium, country of northwestern Europe. It is one of the smallest and most densely populated European countries, and it has been, since its independence in 1830, a representative democracy headed by a hereditary constitutional monarch. Initially, Belgium had a unitary form of government. Belgium is not only the land of waffles, beer, chocolate, and some of the best music festivals in the world but also of diamonds, surreal folk festivals, and a record-breaking political gridlock. Here, Culture Trip takes a closer look at 11 things that make the small country stand out from the pack. Belgium might be a small country but it packs a mighty punch for its array of picture postcard cities and towns. Famed for destinations like Bruges and Antwerp, there are so many beautiful cities in Belgium to visit. Belgium is arguably the most beautiful country in the world. It is the country of canals, lush gardens, picturesque towns, and everything that appeases the eye and satiates the heart. Touring through the country is a heavenly experience and one you should definitely try.